18 Juli 2018, 10:57 GMT
China has the third largest bond market in the world, but only about 2 per cent is foreign-owned due to historical capital restrictions, one of the lowest rates among developed markets. A key channel for increasing foreign participation is the Bond Connect programme, which just passed its first anniversary and is set for a number of key upgrades in the coming months.
In our recent paper about the anticipated growth of this market, we discussed China’s two main markets for onshore bond transactions, the exchange-traded market and the interbank market. In recent years, foreign investors have been allowed greater participation in the more liquid China Interbank Bond Market (CIBM), which accounts for around 90 per cent of total trading volume.
Opening the door further
Prior to the launch a year ago, foreign investors looking to trade on the CIBM needed to go through a lengthier admission process and set up a domestic custodian account with an onshore settlement agent. Under Bond Connect, foreign investors can buy debt trading on the CIBM directly through the Central Moneymarket Unit with their offshore custodians. This streamlines and speeds up the investor onboarding process to two weeks or less, from around a month under the previous process.
Source: Bloomberg, Bank for International Settlements, PBOC, December 2016.
In a speech marking the scheme’s one-year anniversary on July 3, People’s Bank of China vice governor Pan Gongsheng announced changes to Bond Connect to remove most of the remaining roadblocks for foreign investors. These enhancements also help China’s onshore bond market meet the key requirements for inclusion in global indices like the Bloomberg-Barclays Global Aggregate index, which it will join in April 2019, as well as Citi’s World Government Bond Index (WGBI) and J.P.Morgan’s Government Bond Index- Emerging Markets (GBI-EM). Overall, we estimate potential inflows of approximately $280 billion in three to five years, based on the assets under management of all the passive funds tracking these three indices, and the weighting onshore China is expected to have.
Source: Fidelity International, March 2018. GBI-EM refers to the JPMorgan Government Bond Index - Emerging Markets. WGBI refers to the Citi World Government Bond Index.
Bond Connect 2.0
The most important upgrades to Bond Connect are block trading and delivery versus payment. Block trading allows buying a bond and splitting it into multiple funds. Delivery versus payment (DVP) means trades are settled with delivery versus payment on the same day, which reduces counterparty risks for investors. Block trading makes Bond Connect more relevant for large asset management companies, while the DVP capability should attract heavily regulated foreign investors such as UCITS, insurers and pension funds to the Chinese market.
Besides these changes, policymakers said they would clarify a potential tax exemption for foreign investors in the mainland. The platform, a joint venture between the China Foreign Exchange Trade System and Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing, also added repo operations and derivatives trading, another 10 market-makers including foreign banks like Bank of America Merrill Lynch, J.P. Morgan, and Mizuho Bank, and cut the trading platform fee.
The upgrades show China’s ongoing commitment to opening the onshore RMB bond market to offshore investors. Foreign holdings in China’s interbank bond market reached 1.4 trillion renminbi ($210 billion) at the end of May, an increase of 70 per cent since Bond Connect’s launch in July 2017. Average daily volumes in Bond Connect reached 6.6 billion renminbi in June 2018, more than double the daily average volumes in the first quarter of the year. Trading volume in June reached 130.9 billion renminbi, nearly double the volumes in May.
Bond Connect greatly widens the scope for foreign participation in China’s onshore market, as the scheme has no investment quota or the need to specify an intended investment amount. At a higher level, the advent and ongoing improvements to Bond Connect also strengthen Hong Kong’s numerous roles as an international financial centre, access point to mainland China markets and trading hub for offshore renminbi.
Lesen Sie mehr
The value of investments and the income from them can go down as well as up so you may get back less than you invest. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results.
These materials are provided for information purposes only and are intended only for the person or entity to which it is sent.
These materials do not constitute a distribution, an offer or solicitation to engage the investment management services of Fidelity, or an offer to buy or sell or the solicitation of any offer to buy or sell any securities or investment product.
Fidelity makes no representations that the contents are appropriate for use in all locations or that the transactions or services discussed are available or appropriate for sale or use in all jurisdictions or countries or by all investors or counterparties.
Investors should also note that the views expressed may no longer be current and may have already been acted upon by Fidelity. They are valid only as of the date indicated and are subject to change without notice.
This material was created by Fidelity International. It must not be reproduced or circulated to any other party without prior permission of Fidelity.
This communication is not directed at, and must not be acted on by persons inside the United States and is otherwise only directed at persons residing in jurisdictions where the relevant funds are authorised for distribution or where no such authorisation is required. Fidelity is not authorised to manage or distribute investment funds or products in, or to provide investment management or advisory services to persons resident in, mainland China. All persons and entities accessing the information do so on their own initiative and are responsible for compliance with applicable local laws and regulations and should consult their professional advisers.
This content may contain materials from third-parties which are supplied by companies that are not affiliated with any Fidelity entity (Third-Party Content). Fidelity has not been involved in the preparation, adoption or editing of such third-party materials and does not explicitly or implicitly endorse or approve such content.
Fidelity International refers to the group of companies which form the global investment management organisation that provides products and services in designated jurisdictions outside of North America Fidelity, Fidelity International, the Fidelity International logo and F symbol are trademarks of FIL Limited. Fidelity only offers information on products and services and does not provide investment advice personal recommendations based on individual circumstances.
Issued in Europe: Issued by FIL Investments International (FCA registered number 122170) a firm authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, FIL (Luxembourg) S.A., authorised and supervised by the CSSF (Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier) and FIL Investment Switzerland AG, authorised and supervised by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority FINMA. For German wholesale clients issued by FIL Investment Services GmbH, Kastanienhöhe 1, 61476 Kronberg im Taunus. For German institutional clients issued by FIL Investments International – Niederlassung Frankfurt.
In Hong Kong, this content is issued by FIL Investment Management (Hong Kong) Limited and it has not been reviewed by the Securities and Future Commission. FIL Investment Management (Singapore) Limited (Co. Reg. No: 199006300E) is the legal representative of Fidelity International in Singapore. FIL Asset Management (Korea) Limited is the legal representative of Fidelity International in Korea. In Taiwan, independently operated by FIL Securities (Taiwan ) Limited, 11F, 68 Zhongxiao East Road, Section 5, Xinyi Dist., Taipei City, Taiwan 11065, R.O.C. Customer Service Number: 0800-00-9911#2.
Issued in Australia by Fidelity Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited ABN 33 148 059 009, AFSL No. 409340 (“Fidelity Australia”). This material has not been prepared specifically for Australian investors and may contain information which is not prepared in accordance with Australian law.